Behavioral disorders in dogs are disorders that cause difficulties in the relationship a parent can have with their dog or difficulties related to communication between dogs.
We will then speak of behavioral disorder when there is the appearance of an embarrassing attitude on the part of the dog which has consequences on the relations it will have with humans or other species.
I suggest you list here the main behavioral disorders that most dog owners face.
In its natural state, the puppy, from its 4 months, operates a detachment with its parents, and in particular with its mother, in order to develop a certain autonomy. However, when we, dear humans, adopt a puppy at the age of 2 months, we take a lot of importance to this little cute furball. This attitude certainly generates one from our dear doggie.
Know that you become, following the adoption, the second being of attachment of your dog, the first being his mother. Of course, this link is essential to allow your puppy to feel safe, but if you maintain this attachment and you do not gradually detach, the separation will be stressful and will cause annoying behavior such as destruction, uncleanliness or even in your absence.
There are two types of communication disorders: intra-specific communication disorder, that is to say between dogs, and inter-specific communication disorder, namely between humans and dogs.
Intra-specific communication disorders (between dogs)
These communication disorders can be linked to poor learning of canine communication codes either because the mother was not very present during the development of the puppies, or because as a new adoptive family, you n ” have not sufficiently offered your dog meetings with his congeners on a regular and positive basis.
These disorders can also be linked to a physical problem, such as problems with sight, hearing or smell for example, which will make the dog vulnerable and therefore insecure in his contact with his fellows.
Then, these intra-specific communication disorders can also be caused by a bad experience with an unfriendly dog or a repetition of bad experiences with other dogs.
Finally, if your dog does not have regular contact with his congeners, or if he has contact only on a leash, he could develop what is called primary dyssocialization. Let’s explain: he knows canine codes but, being little requested, he ends up forgetting them over time and therefore develops a fear or one, not used to rubbing shoulders with them.
Rehabilitation work is then possible but it takes time. The best solution is prevention to avoid reaching such a stage.
Inter-specific communication disorders (between human / dog)
These communication disorders are mainly linked to poor knowledge of the dog, a poor understanding of its nature, a poor interpretation of its appeasement and prevention signals as well as an inconsistency concerning the attitude of the human. so in a dog suffering from this disorder, an imbalance especially for the sharing of resources (toys, space, food) as well as the management of frustration.
The dog will have difficulty listening to his humans, he will test a lot, will be constantly in need of attention in front of his masters, will always lie down in the most strategic places of the house (hallway, sofa, door passage, etc. ), may destroy or be messy during the absence of his masters because he will not manage his frustration, could have aggressive attitudes during the meal or when his master seeks to control it.
I add however that if your dog adopts one or more of these behaviors, it does not necessarily mean that he places himself in this disorder, these attitudes can also be linked to bad learning, an inconsistency of the master in education or still a lack of regular spending for example.
As you can see, with regard to this disorder, it is very often the masters who are involved because they do not know the canine language enough. They often misinterpret certain attitudes and therefore do not react accordingly.
It is, therefore, necessary to be careful not to be anthropomorphic, that is to say, in this case, to lend to dogs, feelings and human behavioral characteristics. This will, in the more or less long term, cause dysfunctions in the handler/dog relationship.
Even if, in education, we tend to make connections and analogies between the education of a child and the education of a puppy, we must never forget that a dog remains a dog with its particularities, its functioning, instincts and own means of communication.
Finally, I would add that the reeducation of dogs with behavioral disorders, whether related to an imbalance in the master/dog relationship, communication problems or hyper-attachment, must be done with the help of a canine educator, a canine behaviorist or a veterinarian (all three at the same time it’s even better) so that the work is really efficient, consistent and adapted to the disorder encountered.
Also, keep in mind that you should always determine the cause of a problem. If you only control the symptom, it will have the effect of putting a bandage on a wooden leg.